English Version

Online Shopping Review: Zamnesia

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In this article I am going to review Zamnesia, an online retailer that, based on my experience, delivers on all of these fronts and many more. Read on to learn more about Zamnesia, what it does best, and what to keep in mind when shopping at one of Zamnesia’s online stores.

Today, there’s no shortage of online retailers selling cannabis seeds, smoke accessories, or vapes. Great prices, reliable and discreet shipping, and a sense of trust, however, are what make me (and probably you too) choose one site over another when you’re buying seeds, vaporizers, or other smoking accessories online.

The Zamnesia Seed Shop

The Zamnesia brand basically comprises 6 different online stores that cover all things cannabis and legal psychedelics. The Zamnesia Seedshop, as the name implies, is devoted to selling cannabis seeds from 100+ seed banks from across the globe.
Shopping at the Zamnesia Seedshop is super easy. The entire store is organized in a way that’s very user-friendly and makes finding the right strain for your garden or grow room really simple. You can browse seeds based on whether they are regular, feminized, or autoflowering; by seed bank; THC or CBD concentration, and much more.
Zamnesia also regularly publishes hand-curated lists highlighting their favorite strains across different categories (feminized, auto, high THC, high CBD, etc) which can be a great source of inspiration when you’re stuck on what to grow next. The site’s search function also works great if you’re looking for something specific.

Prices across the Zamnesia seed store vary depending on the strain and seedbank, and shipping costs vary between €5 and €10 depending on the country you’re in (note that Zamnesia currently only ships to Europe and The UK).
I particularly like that each Zamnesia product listing comes with reviews where you can read about other users’ experiences with a particular strain. Zamnesia also regularly holds promos where you can score free seeds or accessories on your next purchase.
Besides its seed store, the Zamnesia brand also encompasses the following online shops:

  • Zamnesia Headshop, which features a wide variety of smoking accessories, including everything from grinders and rolling papers to bongs and pipes, cannabis-related books, lighters, scales, and much more.
  • Zamnesia Vaporshop, dedicated to vaporizers of all shapes, sizes., and price points. From big, table-top units like the Volcano to small, portable units like the Pax or G-Pen, the Zamnesia Vaporshop has a ton of variety.
  • Zamnesia CBDshop. If you’re looking for legal CBD from reliable manufacturers, I highly recommend checking out Zamnesia’s CBD shop, which carries oil tinctures, capsules, edibles, cosmetics, and many other products from brands like Cibdol, Zamnesia, SupMedi, and more.
  • Zamnesia Smartshop. Inspired by Amsterdam’s infamous smart stores, the Zamnesia Smartshop sells natural aphrodisiacs, herbs, mushroom tinctures, salvia divinorum, and many other natural and legal psychedelics and plant extracts. *

Zamnesia guarantees fast, discreet shipping across all of its stores. The brand also stands out for accepting various payment methods (including credit cards, bank transfers, and cryptocurrencies), and its attentive customer service.
If you’re looking for great cannabis seeds, vaporizers, or other smoke accessories, I highly recommend checking out Zamnesia and signing up to their mailing list for a 10% discount off your first purchase.

 

*Be informed before you purchase. Always check your local laws before ordering such products.

California approves $100 million stimulus package for legal cannabis industry

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California’s State Legislature approved a $100 million stimulus package to save its struggling weed industry on Monday. The money will go to a total of 17 Californian cities and counties to support local cannabis companies, most of which continue to operate on provisional cannabis licenses or illegally.

The stimulus package forms part of the California Comeback Plan, a larger budget initiative proposed by Governor Gavin Newsom in May. Newsom marketed his $100 billion plan as the “biggest economic recovery package in California history” and promised comprehensive measures to help the state bounce back from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Part of Newsom’s plan is to inject $100 million dollars into California’s cannabis industry, which continues to struggle against a major licensing logjam. Despite approving Proposition 64 (Cali’s Adult Use of Marijuana Act) 5 years ago, over 80% of the state’s weed companies continue to operate on temporary licenses.

To date, California has only approved 1,086 permanent cannabis licenses, and industry reports suggest that there are almost 3-times as many unlicensed weed companies operating across the state.
Meanwhile, companies operating on provisional licenses can legally engage in commercial cannabis activity for just 120 days and may apply for 90-day extensions if their application is for an annual license. According to the United Cannabis Business Association, however, Cali’s weed companies can wait anywhere from 2 to 4 years to get fully licensed, and many have to face the prospect of closing their doors, at least temporarily, in that time.

So, what’s the hold up when it comes to licensing California’s weed companies?
Answering that question is complex.

Some sources point to an environmental review; in order to get a permanent license, cannabis companies need to go through an extensive review of the negative environmental impact of their operations and present a plan for reducing those harms. This review process is known to be complicated, expensive, and time-consuming.

But it doesn’t stop there; California’s weed industry is notoriously hard to break into. A license alone can cost anywhere from $5,000 to $10,000, and navigating the legal framework to apply for one is arguably impossible without the help of an attorney.
More specifically, California has made it particularly difficult for low-income or minority communities (those most affected by the War on Drugs) to get into the cannabis industry. While Prop 64 approved equity programs to prioritize licensing for members of these communities, the efficacy of these programs has seen plenty of scrutiny.

And while Governor Newsom’s cannabis stimulus package has certainly turned heads, industry professionals doubt whether it’s enough to address California’s licensing issues.
It is a significant amount of money, but I don’t know that it actually answers the problem of provisional licenses making it through CEQA analysis in a timely manner to get an annual license,” says Jerred Kiloh, president of the United Cannabis Business Association.

Kiloh also criticizes the scope of the plan; the $100 million grant will be split between a total of 17 cities and counties, all of which already allow legal cannabis sales, such as Los Angeles, San Francisco, Oakland, Long Beach, Desert Hot Springs, and more.
It’s not incentivizing localities who have cannabis bans to get their ordinances up and running,” he says. “The real problem is that CEQA analysis is a very arduous process,” he added. “I think it would be good to have more reform of the licensing system instead of just putting money to it.”

 

How to properly manage the temperature and humidity in your grow room

Temperature and relative humidity are easily 2 of the most important factors impacting your grow room and the health of your plants. Unfortunately, they are also often overlooked, especially by beginner growers.
In this article, we’ll teach you everything you need to know about the ideal temperature and humidity levels for each stage of a cannabis plant’s life, and help you spot and control temperature/humidity issues before they get out of hand .

Wait, What’s Relative Humidity?

Before we continue, you need to understand relative humidity, a concept that’s crucial to growing great weed but often misunderstood.
Relative humidity is a measurement (displayed as a percentage) of the amount of water vapour present in the air relevant to the temperature. Warm air can hold more moisture than cold air, which is exactly why using relative humidity is so important to growing cannabis; it gives us a more accurate measure of the amount of air present in our grow room.

Image courtesy of Gasparetto Engineering. 

One cubic meter of air at 30°C, for example, can hold roughly 30g of water, while the same amount of air at 10°C can only hold roughly 10g of water. The maximum amount of water air can hold is known as its Dew Point; once we exceed this Dew Point, excess moisture in the air will form as condensation like dew, fog, or rain. The graph above shows the different Dew Points of air at different temperatures.

To measure the humidity in your grow room, invest in a digital thermometer/hygrometer. These inexpensive devices make it easy to track the humidity and temperature inside your grow room and create the perfect environment for your plants.

What’s The Perfect Temperature And Relative Humidity For Growing Cannabis?

Cannabis is a hardy plant that can grow and adapt to various conditions. As we saw in our earlier chapter on the cannabis life cycle, cannabis plants germinate in spring and begin to flower after the summer solstice in response to changes in their photoperiod (except autoflowering strains, which flower based on age).

While individual cultivars might prefer slightly different conditions, most cannabis varieties like warm summers and plenty of sunlight. As they pass through the different stages of their lives, however, cannabis plants favour slightly different conditions; seedlings, for example, love warm, humid conditions, whereas flowering females like things a little drier).

If you’re growing outdoors, you obviously don’t have a lot of control over the temperature and RH in your garden. Indoor growers, on the other hand, can closely monitor and tweak the temperature and RH in their rooms/tents to create the perfect environment for their plants at all stages of their lifecycle.

The table below highlights the perfect growing conditions for cannabis plants in the seedling, vegetative, and flowering phases:

Ideal Temperature Ideal RH Description
Seedling phase Lights on: 20-25°C

Lights off: 20°C

65 -70% Young cannabis seedlings or clones like warm, humid conditions that allow them to take up water via their leaves while they develop their roots.
Veg. phase Lights on: 22-28°C

Lights off: 18-20°C

40-60% Once your plants have developed a solid root system, you can start gradually lowering the humidity and increasing the temperature in your grow room/tent until you reach the ideal conditions described here.

Note: Never change the temperature or humidity in your room/tent drastically as this can shock your plants and stunt their growth, cause pest/pathogen problems, and greatly impact both the size and quality of your yields.

Early and mid-flowering phase (weeks 1-6 approx) Lights on: 20-26 C°

Lights off: 18-20°C

40-50% Flowering cannabis plants like slightly cooler and drier conditions. Female cannabis flowers can trap a lot of moisture, which can lead to bud rot and attract other pests or pathogens into your grow room. This is especially true if you’re growing indica-dominant strains with a dense bud structure. Sativa strains tend to have whispier buds that are better suited to more humid conditions (see our chapter on cannabis genetics for more info).

Again, remember to gradually adjust the conditions in your grow room to avoid stressing your plants.

Late flowering phase (final 3-4 weeks before harvest) Lights on: 20-24°C

Lights off: 15-20°C

30-40% As your plants enter the final stages of their flowering cycle, we recommend further lowering the humidity and temperature in your grow room/tent to avoid bud rot and other humidity issues. Increasing the thermic amplitude (the difference between nighttime and daytime temperatures) can also help promote more trichome production and bring out some vibrant colours in your plants buds, especially in purple strains or Indica-dominant varieties.

 

How To Create The Perfect Conditions In Your Indoor Grow Room/Tent

  • Know what a particular cultivar likes! Different cannabis strains prefer different conditions. Whenever you’re growing a new variety, try to gather as much information about it as possible (preferably from someone who has grown the same strain or the seedbank that bred it), and also pay close attention to how the plant reacts to different climatic conditions.
  • Buy a thermometer/hygrometer. Don’t even try to play around with the temperature/RH in your tent/room until you’ve bought a thermometer/hygrometer.
  • Know what to look for. While plant’s obviously can’t talk, they are very good at communicating when something isn’t right. Study the list of warning signs of temperature/humidity issues below in order to catch these problems early and adapt accordingly.
  • Use a humidifier/dehumidifier to adapt the relative humidity in your grow room/tent.
  • Use intake, outtake, and oscillating fans (and heating/cooling, if necessary) to keep temperatures optimal.

Signs of Plants Stressed By Temperature/Humidity Issues

Signs of heat stress

  • Rapidly drying soil.
  • Leaves cupping and pointing upwards.
  • Visibly burnt or dried out leaves or buds.
  • Flowering plants exposed to hot conditions grow airy, thin buds and sometimes start developing new, whispy flowers on top of older ones.

How to drive down the temperature in your grow room/tent:

  • Increase air circulation and use intake and outtake fans to keep hot air flowing out of your tent/room and fresh, cool air flowing in.
  • Switch to LED lights that produce less heat.
  • Move your grow lights further away from the top of your plants.

Signs of cold stress

  • Stunted growth. Cold weather affects many of cannabis’ metabolic processes, making it harder for the plant to take up nutrients and water to fuel its growth.
  • Nutrient deficiencies. As temperatures drop below optimum levels, cannabis plants struggle to take up certain nutrients and may develop signs of a nutrient deficiency.
  • Soil that stays moist for extended periods of time.
  • Wilting.

How to increase the temperature in your grow room/tent:

  • Move your plants into a warmer area of the house.
  • Switch from LED lights to a grow light that emits more heat.
  • Turn off or slow down your intake and outtake fans.

Signs of high humidity

  • Soil that never completely dries out.
  • Limp, weak plants.
  • Stunted growth. Just like with low temperatures and low humidity, high humidity also affects the metabolism of plants and their ability to take up water and nutrients.
  • Bud rot, botrytis, or other fungal pathogens thrive in humid conditions, attacking your plants’ buds, foliage, and roots and causing them to rot.

How to decrease humidity in your grow room/tent:

  • Increase air circulation using outtake, intake, and oscillating fans.
  • Water your plants less frequently.
  • Use a dehumidifier.

Signs of low humidity

  • Soil that dries up extremely fast. Plants exposed to dry conditions drink a lot more water.
  • As a side effect of drinking more water, plants might also take up more nutrients from their soil and fertilizer and develop nutrient burn.
  • Stunted growth and weak, feeble plants.

How to increase humidity in the grow room

  • Use a humidifier.
  • Mist the air in your grow space (do not do this during the flowering phase).

While many people think cannabis grows like a weed, there are many ways we can help our plants grow even faster and produce bigger, better harvests. And maintaining the right temperature and relative humidity is one of the first and most important ways of doing exactly that.

Training Italy’s next doctors to use medical Cannabis

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The University of Padua (UNIPD) is one of the 5 oldest surviving universities in the world. It’s served as a hub for medical studies since 1250, and is home to one of Europe’s oldest anatomical theatres. Today, almost 800 years after opening its doors in 1222, UNIPD remains at the forefront of pioneering medical education, serving as the only European university offering cannabis courses to its undergraduate med students. 

It’s a long and winding road, but today marks the beginning of a new era” confesses Dr Viola Brugnatelli, a cellular neuroscientist and cannabis lecturer at the University of Padua.
Viola is celebrating arguably one of the biggest milestone’s of her career; 56 6th-year med students just enrolled in La Cannabis Medicinale 2020-2021, the first medical cannabis course within the University of Padua’s curriculum for undergrad medicine and surgery students.

This is a huge achievement that hopefully will be followed by all other Italian academies. And I’m proud to be part of the cultural revolution.Viola has been lecturing about cannabis at UNIPD since 2017, when the school started offering a 1-year postgraduate course on medicinal cannabis to MDs and other health professionals. This year, however, she won’t just be lecturing graduated professionals: for the first time, she’ll be introducing undergraduate students to the power of medicinal cannabis. 

Teaching « the power of medicinal cannabis »

This new course is directed by Professor Gastone Zanette, Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology at UNPID’s Department of Neurosciences, who also teaches the course alongside Dr Viola Brugnatelli, Dr Stefano Bona, Dr Stefano Dall’Acqua, and Dr Ulderico Freo.
It may seem like a small achievement,” explains Viola, “but it will have a huge impact on our healthcare in the medium to long term.” 

La Cannabis Medicinale offers an in-depth look at medical cannabis and explores the historical use of the plant, its clinical application today, the biochemistry and pharmacology of cannabinoids, and the processes behind extracting and analysing medical cannabis and its compounds.
By introducing undergraduate medicine students to cannabis early on in their education, Gastone and Viola hope to address one of the main downfalls of Italy’s medical cannabis system, namely the difficulty for patients to find doctors and/or pharmacies capable of prescribing cannabis or incorporating it into their therapy. 

Cannabis is not a ready-to-use drug, meaning it is critical for MDs to understand different methods of administration and pharmacokinetics in order to prescribe the right product. For these and many other reasons, it is critical for health professionals to be trained in endocannabinology and cannabis botany, biochemistry and pharmacology.”

The Beginning Of A New Era 

Gastone Zanette and Viola Brugnatelli presenting at the 2019 International Association Cannabinoid Medicine conference in Berlin.

Professor Gastone Zanette headed the long and arduous process of launching UNIPDs cannabis courses almost 10 years ago.
Unfortunately, both the university and the necessary public authorities, such as the Italian Medical Association, were skeptical about Gastone’s initial proposals.
But he wasn’t so quick to give up.
I started to attend important events on cannabinoids and medicine held by the International Cannabinoid Research Society (ICRS) and the International Association for Cannabinoids in Medicine (IACM) to gain expertise, information, and skills from the scholars in this area, such as Mark Ware, Ethan Russo, John M McPartland, and William A Devane,” explains Pr. Zanette 

In 2016, Gastone finally succeeded at getting approval to direct a 1-year postgraduate course at the University of Padua, titled La cannabis medicinale: aspetti agro-produttivi, botanici, medici, legali e sociali (or Medicinal cannabis: agro-productive, botanical, medical, legal and social aspects).
This course was born after a huge effort to overcome an antagonistic medical and healthcare environment characterized by bias and false belief. It was a big challenge. The real problem with medicinal cannabis is the paucity of scientific evidence supporting its use, which is a consequence of the legal difficulties restricting the ability to perform high-quality studies on it. It’s a vicious cycle” he continues. 

Unfortunately, UNIPD was unable to offer its postgraduate degree during 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which brought with it a lack of enrollments and a sudden shift to online tuition models.
But even in the face of a global pandemic, Gastone and Viola weren’t willing to give up their efforts to continue training Italy’s medical professionals on how to use cannabis in their practice. 

3 master degree, 6 courses

In order to be able to continue offering their post-graduate course, Viola called on her own private online academy, Cannabiscienza.
To keep offering up our knowledge on cannabis during these challenging times, Cannabiscienza stepped in to recreate UNIPD’s entire post-graduate course and adapted it to the online tuition model. This halved the tuition costs for applicants and has allowed us to start offering the course again in October 2021” .
Viola founded Cannabiscienza in 2017 to help address the lack of formal cannabis education and training for Italy’s healthcare professionals.

Today, Cannabisscienza is sponsored by some of the most prestigious medical and scientific institutions in Italy as well as the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS), an international leader in psychedelic research.
The academy currently offers 3 Masters degrees and 6 courses (all taught completely online) highly-targeted to veterinarians, MDs, pharmacists, chemists, pharmacologists, nurses, and more.
When used consciously cannabis is an incredibly useful tool in the healthcare tool bag, However, due to its nature of containing a multitude of compounds, we need an updated understanding of its pharmacodynamics.” details Viola.

Through her work at the UNIPD and Cannabiscienza, Viola and her team-mates are helping construct this understanding and pass it on to Italy’s next generation of healthcare professionals.
“The University of Padua will be celebrating 1000 years in 2022. Since its early days, the university has played a leading role in the identification and treatment of diseases and ailments, confirming its role as a solid science-based hub dedicated to innovation, even in the face of stigma. Through launching this year’s undergraduate course, we hope to have set a positive model for academies worldwide. Ad maiora semper!

 

How Cannabis Helps Veterans Heal Their Battle Scars

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Many veterans swear cannabis helps them cope with their post-war symptoms. And thanks to Bryan Buckley and the team at the Battle Brother’s Foundation, US vets might soon have a stronger case to support their claim that cannabis can help treat PTSD. 

Bryan Buckley served in the US Marine Corps for 9 years, his first deployment was to Fallujah, Iraq. He has also served in Africa and SouthEast Asia.
I went into the military after the events of 9/11,
Once he made Team Commander for the Marine Raiders (the US Marines’ special operations force), Bryan also served in Afghanistan, particularly in the Helmand Valley. 

I’ve had some high ranking people tell me that the summer of 2012 when we were in Afghanistan was the bloodiest summer for American special operation forces since Vietnam”, Bryan explains, remembering his service in Operation Enduring Freedom (the US government’s tag name for its Global War on Terror).
“And I came out of the military 100% disabled and with 100% post-traumatic stress.”

I swallowed before asking Bryan about his injuries.
In 2012, we were fighting in the Helmand province”. His words cut through the silent phone line like a knife.
During one of those days, I heard a round go past my head. It was from an underbarrel grenade launcher. The grenade exploded right next to me. I took shrapnel to my leg, all throughout my back and to my face. Two of my teammates were wounded as well; one of them lost part of his tricep and the other guy took shrapnel to his stomach.
Bryan nearly lost his left leg following the injuries he sustained that day.
Later that year, he also fell 15 feet from a helicopter, dislocating his ankle and fracturing his spine.
War is a crazy place”.

Image courtesy of Helmand Valley Growers Company.

Bryan’s physical wounds healed quickly. In fact, he was back out in the field just 1 week after having surgery to save his leg from the grenade shrapnel.
But when he transitioned out of the military, Bryan realized that he’d brought home emotional wounds that were a lot harder to heal than the physical ones.
In the military, you always have to stay focused on the mission, even when you’re taking casualties. You just have to focus on the enemy and keep the fight on them. You can’t go internal because that’ll just create more casualties« .
War is a crazy place indeed.


Once I got out and life slowed down, that’s when some of the things you suppress in your mind start to come back up”.
After coming back from war, Bryan’s PTSD started to make its mark. He suffered from sleep issues, depression, and anxiety.
He often found himself reliving his past on the battlefield, especially once he had children. 

The enemy would often use women and children as human shields. You just see some gnarly things”.
Most importantly, Bryan felt like he’d lost his identity and purpose after he returned home to a civilian life.
I couldn’t watch the news for years because they’d talk about actions in Afghanistan and Iraq and I’d feel guilty for not being there” remembers Bryan.
It’s this lack of purpose that leaves many vets battling depression and substance abuse.
It’s also what leads almost 22 US veterans to take their own lives every day

Luckily, Bryan was able to regain that lost sense of purpose by teaming up with fellow Marine veterans Andy Miears and Matt Curran to form the Helmand Valley Growers Company (HVGC); a Californian cannabis company that donates 100% of its profits to researching the benefits of medical cannabis for veterans.
Alongside HVGC, Bryan, Andy, and Matt also founded the Battle Brothers Foundation; a non-profit NGO that aims to empower US veterans through personal development, employment opportunities, and the right kind of medical support. 

It all started in 2016, when Bryan suddenly noticed his friend and co-founder Andy looking better than usual.
He didn’t have that lethargic look about him like he’d been drinking the night before”.
He admits that drinking is one of the most common ways veterans face the symptoms that strike once they end their service.
It’s just part of our culture, but when I asked Andy what was going on, he said ‘I’ve traded in a 5th of Jack for a joint.”
Besides using cannabis to sleep better and relieve his PTSD symptoms, Andy was also working to become a licensed cannabis cultivator. 

Image courtesy of Helmand Valley Growers Company.

One day, Andy told me that cannabis was helping him transition from a warrior to a gardener”, Bryan recalls.
After seeing the positive effect cannabis was having on his friend, Bryan decided to try cannabis for himself.
It was incredible. I was sleeping better, I was waking up feeling refreshed, it was helping my anxiety and depression. Now, cannabis is just part of my daily routine« .

And it wasn’t long before he realized that cannabis could be the purpose he’d been missing after leaving the army.
From the get-go, one of Battle Brothers main goals was to change the US medical landscape by making cannabis a legal and accessible treatment option for veterans, be it for pain-relief, better sleep, or any other medical condition.
Cannabis isn’t for everyone” Bryan says firmly. “But it should be a tool in the toolkit”.

And the Battle Brothers foundation is well underway to completing its mission; it just got approval from a private institutional review board to conduct an observational study that’ll evaluate the safety and efficacy of using medical cannabis in the treatment of PTSD.
In 2016, we spoke to members of Congress to see what it would take to make cannabis available to veterans, they told us to collect reliable data alongside American doctors and build a strong case to present to Veteran’s Affairs. And that’s what we’re doing.”

The study is expected to launch in July and will involve 60 Californian veterans with moderate to severe PTSD.
The participants will purchase and dose cannabis products at their own discretion over 90 days and report to a team from NiaMedic, a medical data company from Israel, to evaluate the effects the different products have on their PTSD symptoms.
And while this is a huge milestone for Bryan and his team, they show no signs of slowing down.
Confident that this study will harbour positive results, Bryan believes this research will put down the foundations for more aggressive studies in the future that will help build a better reality for America’s veterans. 

These brave men and women raise their right hand and sign a blank cheque that’s payable with their lives. And when they’re back here in America, maybe they’re back here in a physical sense, but not spiritually or mentally. At Helmand Valley Growers Company, we want to be that beacon in the night that lights the path so that these people can live the life of peace that they deserve, and live the American dream that they fought so hard to defend.” 

 

 

Highly Inventive : The Ultimate Weed-Related Bathroom Read

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What do King Tut, Christopher Colombus, Louis Armstrong, and Al Capone have in common? Find out in Highly Inventive, the perfect bathroom book for weed lovers

I have a lot of ideas and not all of them are good, explains BS Wedeman as I am interviewing the two authors of  Highly Inventive: A Highbrow History of Man’s Quest For Weed, a fantastic book that was published last summer.
« But this was a good idea, » Ted Tronnes quickly chimes in.
Together, Ted and BS Wedeman wrote and illustrated the hilarious Highly Inventive: A Highbrow History of Man’s Quest For Weed, a piece that  instantly became my number one read whenever I had 10 minutes to spare. And that happens to often be in the loo. 

“The idea came about, as most of my ideas do: as I was rolling a joint.”

This “bathroom book,” as the authors so lovingly describe it too, boasts a collection of vignettes and illustrations that offer a brief-yet surprisingly detailed, quirky, and ultra-funny look into mankind’s history with weed.
The idea came about, as most of my ideas do: as I was rolling a joint.” laughs BS Wedeman,
I’d been reading a book about Benjamin Franklin, who of course invented bifocals. I was using my bifocals at that very moment to see and be able to roll my j, and I started thinking; ‘what other people have, through an invention or some other way, influenced my ability to enjoy marijuana?’” she says, immediately recalling some of the early stars of her book:
There’s John Landis Mason, who invented the mason jar (a go-to recipient for weed); Luis Marcus who invented the bobby pin (which many people use to hold a joint), and the Phoenicians, who discovered glass-blowing and may have invented some of the first glass pipes.
Immediately, I called Ted and told him about my new idea,” adds BS Wedeman. 

Trump, weed,
A little indulgence in marijuana makes the people in the U.S. government much easier and nicer to deal with. John Adams recognized this 1763 when he wrote under the pen name “Humphrey Ploughjogger” for the Boston Evening Post, “Seems to me if great men don’t leave off writing politics, breaking heads, boxing ears, ringing noses and kicking breeches, we shall by and by want a world of hemp for our own consumption.” In other words, not much has changed in politics over the past 250 years. (excerpt)

Fun facts for a witty weed read

From Ancient Egypt to the colonial US, Ted and BS Wedeman managed to combine close to 90 weed-related vignettes that offer an eye-opening account of just how present cannabis has been throughout human history.
Did you know, for example, that Egyptian pharaohs like Hatshepsut and Tutankhamun used cannabis to relieve menstrual cramps, cleft palate, scoliosis, malaria, and hemorrhoids?
Or that refusing to grow hemp as a US farmer was a crime punishable by jail time up until the 1800s? 

One of the biggest challenges we faced was differentiating between what was true and what wasn’t” explains Ted.
Luckily, BS Wedeman is a professor and professional researcher, so she had access to plenty of reliable databases and information to fuel her research.
To help add some weight to the stories she and Ted included in the book, the two decided to add an appendix with links for those readers wanting to dive deeper into weed history. 

 

Madison, Weed,
James Madison, fourth president of the U.S., said that hemp gave him wisdom on how to structure a democracy and inspired the writing of the Constitution. Unlike another, more recent American president, Madison no doubt inhaled!. (excerpt)

Banned from advertising

Now, almost 18 months after BS Wedeman first called Ted with her idea, the two are psyched to have published their work.
We never thought we’d publish a book about weed,” laughs Ted, who works as a freelance graphic designer and art director in Kansas City, Missouri.
BS Wedeman also has a well established career as a renowned author, researcher, and consultant.
But the comfort of their day-jobs hasn’t slowed the authors’ enthusiasm for getting their book out there:
“I’d love for this book to earn it’s place in every weed-lover’s bathroom,” says BS Wedeman. 

Unfortunately, like with most cannabis-related business ideas, achieving that goal is no smoke in the park.
We just learned that we can’t advertise on Amazon,” says Ted, “because the book relates to an illicit substance.”
BS Wedeman has also opted to write under a pseudonym out of fear of being criticized in her industry.
If the book were really successful, I would put my name on it. But right now I can’t risk it,” she says.
But the two hope to overcome these hurdles by getting their book into brick-and-mortar retailers like CBD stores and vape/head shops this year. 

A podcast based on the book

They are also planning on launching a new line of merch, a podcast with the working title The One Hitter by Highly Inventive (made up of 1-2 minute segments of more weed trivia), and possibly even a second book.
We’re just having fun with it,” says Ted. “If the book manages to rake in a few dollars, then great, we’ll just pass them on to Haley (the Highly Inventive one-woman marketing team),” he laughs. 

If you’re looking for the perfect gift for that weed-loving friend or want to stock up on facts to fuel the banter at your next smoke sesh, make sure to check out Highly Inventive: A Highbrow History of Man’ Quest For Weed on Amazon. 

Richard Branson walks on the sunny side of the weed.

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Richard Branson has never hidden his fondness for cannabis, advocating during the last decade for a responsible legalization. In an article published on his website on November 26, the iconic founder and CEO of Virgin  takes a keen and optimistic look on weed’s upcoming emancipation. And he’s usually right.

As the free world waits for the end of recess to be whistled for Donald Trump and for President-elect Joe Biden to take office, Richard Branson has welcomed other (uncontested) results : those from states where legalization of recreational cannabis has been approved . “I was excited to see some of the other outcomes of this year’s US election. Voters in several states embraced sensible drug policy reforms that will make a huge difference to people’s lives, take the burden off criminal justice systems, improve public health and, ultimately, save lives.  ”wrote Sir Branson.
In Arizona, New Jersey, Montana and South Dakota, voters approved the regulated sale of recreational cannabis on November 3, bringing to 15 the total of number of States in which ganja is legalised.

For the serial success entrepreneur, the good news could be followed tomorrow by another strong sign towards an ineluctable global legalization of cannabis:
UN member states will come together in Vienna for an important session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND), the inter-governmental forum where discussions on the direction and content of global drug policy take place. The item on the agenda is a vote on rescheduling cannabis. What sounds like a tedious bureaucratic exercise has enormous significance for correcting a damaging historical error . For decades, without credible scientific basis, cannabis has been scheduled as a substance with negligible medical or therapeutic value  »  explains Branson on his website.

After a multitude of reports and scientific commissions on a subject that, according to Branson,  has dragged on too long, the World Health Organization (WHO) has finally recommended a limited rescheduling of cannabis, which is clearly a gesture in recognizing its enormous therapeutic potential .
A promising first step while waiting for CND’s vote. During this 63rd session on the matter, CND will look at changes in the scope control substances, in this case: cannabis. This vote is expected to follow the positive WHO recommendations regarding the control of cannabis and related substances. A vote that would free cannabis from various legal shackles in which it has been locked since 1961.
A positive vote to remove cannabis from the strictest schedule would signal that the international drug control system, traditionally a driver of repressive drug policies, might be able to reflect with the ever-accelerating reforms happening on the ground. I hope the CND will come down on the right side of science, public health – and history. » concluded a visionary and always well informed Richard Branson.

A ultimate guide and selection of the best home vaporizers.

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If during your childhood Alice in Wonderland’s smoking caterpillar was a source of fascination, rejoice! Today’s technology has turn  your fantasy into reality, thanks to the home weed vaporizers (and our epic selection ).

A vaporizer is a device that uses hot air at high temperature to create a cannabis infused steam. No tobacco, no combustion, quite an ideal choice for sensitive lungs, athletes, or just for every enthusiast wishing to make the most out of his cannabis.  After all, there is no better way to enjoy a premium weed than having it with no interferences and little or no loss.

The Classic. The Volcano classic (€319, for dry weed only).
The Volcano is a high quality grade vaporizer manufactured by Storz and Bickel, a top notch brand that owns a well deserved reputation on this market. As a fun trivia, on HBO’s « bored   to death », the characters are using a Volcano.  Which doesn’t come as a surprise, since it’s so easy to use and clean. It works the following way: the steam (which is fresh and abundant with this model) is contained in a plastic balloon. Once the balloon filled, you take it out and inhale the steam contained in it.

Several balloons can be filled with just one bowl, which turns out to be quite convenient if you to party with a few friends in your living room. Topping on the cake: even the clumsiest dude will manage to take a drag out of those funky steam filled balloons. It’s fun, approachable and definitely legendary.

The most powerful:  The FlowerPot Vprod (€519, works with weed and any concentrated cannabis products such as hashish, oil etc.)
If the Volcano was to be the grandpa of all indoor vaporizers, the FlowerPot would be its offspring.
To begin with, it’s the first “Twax vaporizer”. Meaning that it can vape oil (or wax, for instance) as dry weed. Making it easy for you to try various combinations for various sensations.

The FlowerPot is an upmarket/high grade model made out of titanium (which explains the price) that delivers a constant stream of hot air filtered of any impurities. This process allows the FlowerPot to bring you a full flavored steam with numerous hits on any chosen cannabis product.  Unfortunately, it is also one of the most complex and hard to operate desktop vaporizers. For the real players only.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5X13XYbxxc

The Best value/ Best buy. The plenty (€219, for dry weed only) is a mid range vaporizer by Storz and Bickel (the very same company that brought us the Volcano Classic) that comes with a three years warrantee.
This vaporizer is designed to deliver a direct inhalation through a hose… just like Alice’s smoking caterpillar. Easy to use, the Plenty has a wide range of heating temperature (130° to 202° Celsius). The temperature can be set through a thin scow wheel.

Once the desired temperature is reached, the heating process stops. A cool feature that will prevent you from setting your apartment on fire. The steam is of course fabulous (courtesy Storz ansd Bickel) and the machine is as noiseless as it gets. The only downside is its looks, clearly not as posh as the legendary Volcano Classic with its triangular design. Yet, for such a low budget, one can’t complain.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3qX1puUInWc

The water friendly. At last but not least, The Vapehale Cloud Evo (€414, for weed only) is the most innovative vaporizer of this selection. Each EVO is equipped with a “PerpetuHeat Thermal”. A technology that automatically adjusts the heating to a person’s inhalation rate, ensuring smooth, rich, and consistent vapor. As you inhale, the air flows past the heater, warms up to your set temperature and then glides through to vaporize your chosen herb or concentrate.

This vaporizer utilizes convection heating technology, which provides superior heating and vaporization when compared to conduction heating.(Most vaporizers utilize conduction heating, which consists of a hot surface that actually kind of chars the herb, leading to that all too common burnt taste). The Vapehale Cloud’s all glass air path delivers pure vapor and enables you to taste full spectrum flavor. Traveling from the glass enclosed heater core to the customized glass mouthpiece, your herb hits your airways as rich, clean, moisture conditioned vapor, cooled to perfection.  Probably the most sophisticated of them all… See it in action here:

 

A quick guide to World’s different types of weed and their effects

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For a long time, the cannabis community has used the terms indica and sativa to try and pigeon-hole the effects of cannabis. But these terms actually tell us nothing about how a particular strain will make us feel. The biggest variable affecting our experience with cannabis being the plant’s chemical profile. Here’s our ultimate -and condensed-  guide to a better understanding of different terpenes profile and the effects that are to be expected.

Forget about the « Indica Vs. Sativa » classification
Cannabis is a very complex plant that contains up to 400 different active chemicals, many of which we barely understand. The concentration of these 400+ chemicals can vary greatly from one plant to another (even if they are considered to be the same strain or chemotype) and even among different parts of the same plant.
In an interview for Medical Marijuana 411, Dr. Jake Felice, a neuropathic doctor, cannabis clinician, and author, explains how different parts of the cannabis plant may produce different terpenes.
“The cannabis plant can have a very wide variety of terpene expression, even within the same plant. Upper leaves tend to be preyed upon by insects, so the plant might put out insecticide terpenes, such as limonene and pinene. In the lower plant, it might be more appropriate for it to develop bitter sesquiterpenes to prevent grazing from animals,” says Dr. Felice.
Stress, the type of medium and fertilizers used during cultivation, drying, curing, and other parts of the processes that go into producing cannabis can also impact what terpenes a plant produces and in what concentrations.
The terms indica or sativa, however, tell us nothing about a particular strain’s chemical profile. More than anything, these terms tell us what a plant might look like, whether it will grow tall or short, develop broad or narrow leaves, etc.

Going Beyond THC levels: How terpenes are defining the effects of cannabis
For years, the unique effects of cannabis have been almost entirely attributed to THC. Today, however, we know that THC is just one of the 400+ chemicals found in cannabis and therefore can’t be entirely responsible for the plant’s myriad of unique effects.
New research is showing us that terpenes might be just as important in dictating how cannabis makes us feel. Not only are terpenes responsible for the unique aromas and flavors of cannabis, but they have very potent physiological effects that may make or break our experience with a particular cannabis chemovar (or strain). 

4 terpenes you are likely to find most in most strains and how they’ll affect your “high”:
Alpha-pinene. Pinene, as the name suggests, has a sharp, fresh pine aroma. Think of the smell of conifer trees or eucalyptus. Besides having anti-inflammatory properties and working as a bronchodilator, one of the more unique effects of pinene has to do with memory. Pinene is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, meaning it can inhibit the breakdown of acetylcholine, the main neurotransmitter involved in memory. So, if you’re looking for a cannabis strain that’ll leave you with a clear head and the ability to think cohesively and stay focused, look for a variety with lots of pinene.  **Note: Unfortunately, most modern-day cannabis strains contain very little pinene.
 Apha Pinene dominant  strains: Jack Herer, Blue Dream, Strawberry Cough

Myrcene. Arguably one of the better-known terpenes, myrcene tends to give cannabis a musky, herbal, and spicy aroma. Basil, laurel trees, hops, and wild thyme plants all produce considerable amounts of myrcene, too. This terpene has analgesic properties and produces a strong sedative, almost narcotic-like effect (commonly known as “couchlock”). If you’re having trouble sleeping or need strong pain-relief, look for cannabis strains with high amounts of myrcene. If you need to stay focused and productive, however, you’ll want to steer clear of this terpene.
Myrcene dominant strains: OG Kush White Widow, Sour Diesel

Limonene. Limonene has a sharp, fresh citrus aroma, and is found in high concentrations in citrus peels, rosemary, peppermint, and ginger. It has very powerful antidepressant properties, and studies also show that it is an anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, and potent immunostimulant. If you’re looking for mood-boosting effects, anti-inflammatory properties, and relief from anxiety or stress, try to look for strains with high concentrations of limonene. **Note: Most of today’s cannabis varieties contain low amounts of limonene. Beware of strains with strong citrus aromas, as myrcene can sometimes also give off citrus aromas.
Limonene dominante Strains: Do-Si-Dos , Sunset Sherbet, Super Lemon Haze

Beta-caryophyllene. Caryophyllene is one of the main aromatic compounds in black pepper, and it gives cannabis a spicy, woody, and peppery aroma. There is solid research showing that caryophyllene is a very effective, gastro-protective anti-inflammatory. Studies also show that it’s a selective agonist of CB2, the cannabinoid receptor that mediates pain, inflammation, and more. Unlike some of the other terpenes on this list, caryophyllene is very much present in today’s cannabis strains and is one of the main terpenes found in cannabis extracts.
Beta-Caryophylene dominant strains: Gelato, Zkittlez, Chemdawg 

In order to properly understand how a type of cannabis will make us feel, we need to look beyond the individual compounds present in a particular plant. We also need to consider the way these compounds synergize (the Entourage Effect), as well as the set and setting in which we use cannabis.
**This list is far from complete. For a more thorough overview of the terpenes in cannabis and their effects, read Taming THC: Potential Cannabis Synergy and Phytocannabinoid-Terpenoid Entourage Effects. 

 

Argentina is (almost) legalizing.

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Today marks the beginning of the end of prohibition in Argentina.
At midnight on Thursday, the Argentine government published a set of changes to bill 27.350, the nation’s heavily criticized medical cannabis law. 

Patients registered under RECANN, the national cannabis patients registry, now have the right to cultivate their own medicine, either individually or as part of a group or collective, or buy cannabis oils, tinctures, or topicals at pharmacies.
Moreover, the new legislation also broadens the qualifying conditions for medical cannabis treatments in Argentina.
Up until now, bill 27.350 restricted the use of medical cannabis only to public health trials including patients with refractory epilepsy.
The new legislation, however, gives any patient with a doctor’s prescription for cannabis (or its derivatives) the right to either cultivate their own medicine or buy it from a licensed pharmacy. The state even promises free access to cannabis therapies for people without health insurance.
For thousands of patients, caretakers, parents, and children, this is the day they’ve long been waiting for.
Up until now, anyone found in possession of cannabis seeds or plants ran the risk of being trialed under the nation’s drug law and faced up to 15 years in prison.
These new regulations promise an end to this injustice.
“Finally! Our right is law!” reads the latest post by Mamá Cultiva Argentina (MCA), the nation’s most recognized cannabis activist group.
“This right, won after many years of struggle by organizations across the country, not only brings  with it the peace of mind of not being criminalized for exercising our autonomy by cultivating our own medicine. It might also be a solution for many of the socioeconomic problems brought on by the neoliberalism [of the previous government] and the global pandemic,” the post reads. 

“This new era of bill 27.350 will begin to repair the injustice of the persecution and stigmatization of the plant that’s brought quality of life to many people. For this reason, we celebrate a State that accompanies us, that guarantees us access to the substance by the means we choose, that doesn’t punish us or paternalize us. This regulation demonstrates that the knowledge gained through our popular experience is of value when it comes to building our future.”
“Before us lies a long road of implementation. But we’re convinced that the construction [of the legal framework behind bill 27.350) will be rich and prosperous and that we have public interlocutors in place who demonstrate their priority in finding consensus,” the post continues.

Mamá Cultiva Argentina was founded in 2016 by Valeria Salech and a group of other mothers, many of whom have been cultivating cannabis illegally for years either for themselves or for members of their families.
Roughly 4 months ago, Valeria Salech and the rest of MCA were eager that change might come to bill 27.350 as the Argentine Health Ministry announced the first draft of the new regulations it signed off today.
“I’m not ashamed to tell you that every morning I wake up and the first thing I do is check the boletin oficial [the gazette where the Argentine state publishes its legal norms],” Valeria told us in an interview in July.  

Seems like that habit might die off tomorrow. 

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